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Istraživanje: Šest najbogatijih država na svetu prima manje od 9 odsto izbeglica  

priredio APC   foto: Christopher Furlong Pictures | Getty Images

London, 18. juli – Sjedinjene Države, Kina, Japan, Nema?ka, Francuska i Velika Britanija doma?ini su 2.1 miliona izbeglica i tražilaca azila – što je 8.88 odsto od ukupnog svetskog broja. Jordan, Turska, Pakistan, Liban i Južna Afrika, kao i okupirane palestinske teritorije dom su za više od 50 odsto svetskih izbeglica, a zajedno ?ine manje od 2 odsto svetske ekonomije, objavila je humanitarna organizacija Oxfam

Humanitarna organizacija Oxfam objavila je kako šest najbogatijih svetskih zemalja, koje ?ine više od pola globalne ekonomije, primaju manje od devet odsto svetskih izbeglica, dok su siromašnije zemlje preuzele najve?i deo odgovornosti, kazali su iz Oxfama.

Od ovih 2,1 miliona ljudi, otprilike tre?inu je primila Nema?ka (736,740), dok su preostalih 1,4 miliona podeljeni izme?u ostalih pet zemalja. Velika Britanija je doma?in 168.937 izbeglica.

U susret dva velika sastanka na vrhu o izbeglicama i migrantima u Njujorku, Oxfam poziva vlade ne samo da prime više ljudi koji traže sigurno uto?ište, nego i da naprave više kako bi pomogli zemljama u razvoju koje primaju ve?inu izbeglica i zaštite sve ljude koji su u izbeglištvu.

Više od 65 miliona ljudi napustilo je svoje domove zbog sukoba, progona i nasilja, što je najve?i nivo od kada su po?ela merenja. Tre?ina njih su izbeglice i tražioci azila, dok su ve?ina ljudi raseljeni unutar vlastite domovine. Sukob u Siriji glavni je uzrok ovih doga?aja, no ljudi beže i od nasilja u Južnom Sudanu, Burundiju, Iraku, Jemenu i drugde.

„Tako je sramotno što mnoge vlade okre?u le?a milionima koji pate i ranjivim ljudima koji su napustili svoje domove i ?esto rizikuju svoje živote kako bi došli do sigurnosti“, rekao je izvršni direktor Oxfama Vini Bjanjima, prenosi Gardijan.

 

 

Six wealthiest countries host less than 9% of world’s refugees

Kate Lyons
18.july – The six wealthiest countries in the world, which between them account for almost 60% of the global economy, host less than 9% of the world’s refugees, while poorer countries shoulder most of the burden, Oxfam has said.

According to a report released by the charity on Monday, the US, China, Japan,Germany, France and the UK, which together make up 56.6% of global GDP, between them host just 2.1 million refugees: 8.9% of the world’s total.
Of these 2.1 million people, roughly a third are hosted by Germany (736,740), while the remaining 1.4 million are split between the other five countries. The UK hosts 168,937 refugees, a figure Oxfam GB chief executive, Mark Goldring, has called shameful.

In contrast, more than half of the world’s refugees – almost 12 million people – live in Jordan, Turkey, Palestine, Pakistan, Lebanon and South Africa, despite the fact these places make up less than 2% of the world’s economy.

Oxfam is calling on governments to host more refugees and to do more to help poorer countries which provide shelter to the majority of the world’s refugees. “This is one of the greatest challenges of our time yet poorer countries, and poorer people, are left to shoulder the responsibility,” said Mark Goldring, chief executive of Oxfam GB. “It is a complex crisis that requires a coordinated, global response with the richest countries doing their fair share by welcoming more refugees and doing more to help and protect them wherever they are.

“Now more than ever, the UK needs to show that it is an open, tolerant society that is prepared to play its part in solving this crisis. It is shameful that as one of the richest economies the UK has provided shelter for less than 1% of refugees.”

According to the UNHCR Globals Trends 2015 report, more than 65 million people have left their homes due to violence, war and human rights violations, the highest number since records began. Most of these (40.8 million) are displaced within their own country, with 21.3 million as refugees and 3.2 million awaiting asylum decisions in industrialised countries. The conflict in Syria has played a large role in this displacement, as have conflicts in Burundi, Central African Republic, Iraq, Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen.
From a refugee camp after fleeing the civil war in Sudan to the Rio Olympics, this is Mangar Makur Chout’s story
Many people flee to neighbouring countries, such as from Syria to Jordan andTurkey, which host the most refugees in the world: 2.8 million in Jordan and 2.75 million in Turkey.

The Oxfam report says some wealthy countries are making it harder for refugees to arrive and not easier, citing the refugee deal struck between the EU and Turkey in March as evidence.

Theguardian/ www.theguardian.com

 

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